Fixing Corrupted Files? Here are the Steps!

Fixing Corrupted Files? Here are the Steps!

For computer users, corrupt files are like an unexpected nightmare. Just imagine, when you are about to open an important document to complete your work, suddenly an error message appears stating that the file cannot be accessed. This can certainly cause great losses, both materially and emotionally. So, how do you fix corrupt files?

In this article, AdIns will tell you how to fix it easily. In order to apply the method correctly, read the article below until the end!

What is Corrupted File

Corrupted file is a condition where a file cannot be opened or used properly because there is damage to its structure. This can happen to various types of files, from documents, music, images, to videos.

Causes of Corrupted Files

The causes of corrupted files can come from various factors that have the potential to damage digital data. Understanding these causes is essential to anticipate and resolve problems that arise. Here are some of the main causes of corrupted files.

1. Virus dan Malware

Viruses and malware are major threats to digital data security. They can infiltrate systems and damage files by injecting malicious code into them. This damage can be in the form of deleting, modifying, or destroying the entire file structure. These attacks can occur through malicious emails, downloads from unsafe internet, or other untrusted sources.

Read Also: What is Cyber Security and Its Types of Threats?

2. Interrupted Data Transfer

When you are sending files from one device to another, interruptions in the transfer process can cause file corruption. This can happen due to network connection problems, forced removal of the storage device, or other disruptions that disrupt the flow of data.

Sebagai contoh, ketika Anda sedang meng-copy file dari hard disk eksternal ke komputer dan kemudian mencabut hard disk tersebut sebelum proses selesai, file yang sedang dalam proses transfer bisa menjadi corrupt.

3. System Error

System errors such as power outages or computer crashes can also cause file corruption. When the system suddenly shuts down or crashes without warning, the ongoing process of writing or reading files can be interrupted unexpectedly. This can cause the files being accessed at that time to become corrupted, especially if the process has not yet completed.

4. Storage Media Damage

Damaged storage media such as hard disks or flash drives are also common causes of file corruption. Damage to storage sectors or other physical components can result in failure to write or read data from the media. For example, a damaged storage sector on a hard disk can cause files stored there to become inaccessible or even permanently corrupted.

5. Electricity Problem

Electrical disturbances such as power surges can disrupt the data read-write process on storage media. When the electrical voltage suddenly rises beyond a safe limit, electronic devices such as computers or data storage devices can experience physical damage. As a result, the ongoing data transfer or read-write operation can be interrupted, causing files to become corrupted.

6. Improper Shutdown

Shutting down your computer forcibly or suddenly without going through the normal shutdown process is also a cause of file corruption. When you force shut down your computer, the system does not have a chance to properly complete running processes, including closing open files. This can leave files in an unstable or partially open state, increasing the risk of file corruption.

Signs of Corrupted Files

Recognizing the signs of file corruption is essential to take necessary action in a timely manner to avoid data loss or further damage to the file. Here are some signs you need to look out for.

1. File Cannot Be Opened or Accessed

One of the most obvious signs of a corrupted file is that it cannot be opened or accessed. When you try to open the file, nothing may happen, or you may receive an error message indicating that the file cannot be accessed.

Read Also: Digital Documents: Definition, Benefits, and Examples

2. File Size Does Not Match

Another sign of file corruption is when the file size is not what it should be. This drastic change could indicate that parts of the file are missing, or even that the file has been infected by a virus that has changed its contents.

3. File Contents Unintelligible

When you are able to open a corrupted file, you will see that the contents of the file are incomprehensible or appear scrambled. This can happen because parts of the file have been damaged or missing, making the data in it incomplete or unreadable. For example, in a text document, you will see strange characters or strings of text that do not make sense.

Can Corrupt Files Be Repaired?

A frequently asked question is whether corrupted files can be repaired? The answer depends on the extent of the damage and the type of file affected. Fortunately, there are several methods that will be explained below before you decide to replace it or delete it permanently.

How to Repair Corrupt Files

What to do if the file is corrupted? You have the opportunity to recover the data through the five methods below. Read carefully!

1. Open File with Another Program

Sometimes, corrupted files can be opened with other programs that are compatible with the file format. Try opening the file with an alternative program and see if it works.

2. Change File Format

You can also try changing the corrupt file format to another compatible format. This can be done using file conversion software available online or offline.

3. Using Command Prompt

Using Command Prompt is a relatively simple method to repair corrupted files in Windows systems. Here are the steps:

  • Open ‘Command prompt’ as administrator by searching for it in the ‘Start’ menu, then right-clicking and selecting ‘Run as administrator’.
  • Type the command sfc /scannow and press ‘Enter’ to start the process of scanning for corrupt files.
  • Wait for the process to complete. If any corrupt files are found, Command Prompt will attempt to repair them.

If Command Prompt is unable to repair all corrupted files, you will see a message stating so. In this case, you can try the next step.

4. Using Windows PowerShell

Windows PowerShell can also be used to repair corrupted files, specifically to find and repair bad sectors that damage files. Here are the steps:

  • Search for the Windows PowerShell application using the search feature in the ‘Start’ menu, then open it.
  • Type the command chkdsk c: /r and press ‘Enter’ to locate the bad sectors that are corrupting your files.
  • If bad sectors are found, you can try to repair them by typing the command chkdsk c: /f and press ‘enter’.

5. Using Professional Data Recovery Services

If all the above efforts fail, you can use a professional data recovery service. These services have the expertise and software needed to recover data from corrupted files, even if they are in very bad condition.

Those are five ways to fix corrupted files. From the five ways explained above, you have several options to try to fix it. However, if you have difficulty or are unable to recover the data, do not hesitate to contact a professional data recovery service. They have the knowledge and software needed to handle even the most complex cases of corrupted files.

If you want to ensure that your data is always safe and protected from damage or loss, consider using AdIns’ aCloud service. This service will help you build and manage a secure and reliable IT infrastructure without having to worry about technical complexities.

Equipped with a disaster recovery system feature, you can be sure that your business will continue to run smoothly. Let alone dealing with corrupt files, even in emergency situations such as natural disasters, your data can be secured. So, don’t let corrupt files hinder your productivity. Get security and reliability with aCloud services from AdIns today. Request a demo here!

Fixing Corrupted Files, Fixing Corrupted Files? Here are the Steps!, Advance Innovations

Author :

Ad Ins

Published date :

20 June 2024