The Differences between Recruitment and Selection: An Insight

The Differences between Recruitment and Selection: An Insight

For those of you who have worked in HR for a long time, recognizing the differences between recruitment and selection is quite easy. However, many people think that recruitment and selection are the same thing.

In general, these two are related to each other because they are examples of the main tasks of HR management. However, in terms of definition and practice, they couldn’t be more different from each other.

To find out the answer, let’s take a look at the full review of the definition and the differences between recruitment and selection below!


Recruitment and selection are part of a company’s Human Resources (HR) work cycle. This process is very important and aims to ensure that the company can hire the right candidates to maintain the stability of the company’s business. The following is a definition of recruitment and selection that you as a business owner must understand:

1. Recruitment

Recruitment is the process of finding prospective employees to fill certain work positions. The term recruitment can also refer to the process of finding potential candidates and offering them the opportunity to be hired at a company in a certain position. The HR recruiter’s job is to reach these job seekers by uploading job advertisements on job vacancy sites or other media related to the company.

Read also: The Importance of an Effective Recruitment Process to Find the Best Employee

2. Selection

Selection is a series of processes organized by companies to select one candidate from several. This process is useful for finding prospective employees who are most suitable for existing vacancies. In the selection process, the company will eliminate unsuitable candidates and recruit candidates who have the skills according to the company’s needs.


Recruitment is often seen as the same thing as selection, even though the two have different meanings. We can see these differences from 6 aspects such as definition, function, objective, process, contractual relationship, and method.

1. Definitions

As explained earlier, the definition of recruitment refers to the process of looking for potential candidates and encouraging job seekers to apply. Meanwhile, selection is an activity that involves choosing the best candidate among job applicants, which adjusts to the needs of the company.

2. Functions

Recruitment is carried out to increase the number of qualified individuals who will be included in a talent pool. Then, the company will carry out the selection process to reduce the number of individuals in the talent pool until only one or a few candidates are left who are considered to meet the requirements of the job vacancy.

3. Objectives

The objective of recruitment is to advertise job vacancies as attractively as possible so that applicants are interested in registering. This can help companies screen prospective candidates. Meanwhile, the objective of selection is to find the most qualified candidates from the talent pool to fill positions in an organization.

4. Processes

Recruitment is a process in which the HR recruiter is not directly involved in researching employee candidates. They simply create attractive job advertisements to encourage job seekers to apply. Meanwhile, in the selection process, the HR recruiter must study every detail of the candidates applying for the vacancies provided by the company. This process is quite complicated to do because the HR recruiter has to do background checking and coordinate with the user if needed.

5. Contracts

Recruitment only involves advertising open positions within an organization. Therefore, the potential candidate is still not bound by the company’s contractual relationship. Candidates are also free to register at any company they wish.

It’s a different story if the candidate has entered the selection stage. At this stage, the candidate will be given the terms of the employment contract agreement. The nature of this contract is binding, and there are legal sanctions if the candidate is proven to have breached the contract.

6. Work Methods

Recruitment only requires posting job advertisements on job vacancy sites or other media owned by the company. The costs required to carry out recruitment are cheaper when compared to the costs required to carry out selection.

In the selection process, the methods used are quite diverse, ranging from psychological tests and medical check-ups to other tests. This process costs more to carry out all the tests above.

Read also: 5 Effective Stages of Staff Recruitment

Business owners must know the differences between recruitment and selection considering the importance of both in the employee recruitment process. Understanding the differences between the two can assist business owners in planning and executing an effective recruiting strategy.

They can determine the right recruitment method to attract potential candidates and develop an objective selection process to choose the best candidate that fits the company’s needs. In the long term, this understanding will help build a strong and qualified team that can support the company’s business growth and success.

Therefore, for business owners in the IT industry and IT departments who need competent employee candidates, it’s time for you to rely on the ACE (AdIns Center of Excellence) ID service from AdIns. The ACE (AdIns Center of Excellence) IT Project Outsourcing service was specifically developed to assist your company in managing IT employees.

Through this ACE service and by knowing the differences between recruitment and selection processes, AdIns is ready to help you to ensure that the IT department is truly competent and suitable for the line of business that your company is in. Contact us via WhatsApp right now and start using this ACE service in your business right now!

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Published date :

17 July 2023